We called her "The Notorious RBG." Despite the public, widespread knowledge that she had metastatic pancreatic cancer, I suspect that we hoped she was, in fact, "The Invincible RBG," that her body wouldn't fail her––or us. But, on September 18, 2020, on the eve of Rosh Hashanah, despite our hopes, what we knew would happen some day, and what her family had been preparing for, it happened.
Justice Ginsburg, while tiny in physical stature, was a force to be reckoned with––as a student, as a professor, as a jurist. Her work, with its well-known focus on equality issues, especially involving gender equality, helped to change the way in which we view and address those issues. The depth and breadth of her work is too important to try to glibly gloss over it with a few sentences. Instead, I'd like to focus on the answer Justice Ginsburg gave when asked how many women on the Supreme Court would be enough. She famously responded, "when there are nine."
That, to me, is the essence of Justice Ginsburg's work. Think back just a few years. Until 1981 (the year I entered law school), when Sandra Day O'Connor was appointed to the Supreme Court, only men had ever served on the Court. Until 1967, when Thurgood Marshall was appointed to the Supreme Court, no person of color had ever served on the Court. Now, only one person of color is currently sitting Supreme Court Justice, and, until this weekend, the most women to serve at the same time has been three.
"When there are nine" means that, for Justice Ginsburg's work to reach fruition, to be complete, we will find it normal, not odd, not unusual…
• for all members of the Board of Directors of a major corporation to be people of color
• for all members of the MU Board of Curators to be women
• for leadership in corporate America and local, state and national government to truly reflect the makeup––race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, ability and disability status––of the people.
At that point, the work of Justice Ginsburg, and the promise of those first words of the United States Constitution, "We, the People," will be fulfilled. Then, every person will be judged and rewarded, not based on the color of her skin, her gender, or any other factor, but rather on the content of her character.
It is fitting that, if we must lose Justice Ginsburg, she leaves us as Rosh Hashanah began since it is said that a person who dies on the eve of or during Rosh Hashanah is a "tzaddik," a person of great righteousness.
Farewell and shalom, Justice Ginsburg.
This week I had a birthday. Like Karen Miller, my former colleague on the County Commission (who so generously asked her Facebook friends for birthday contributions to my campaign), I love to cook and to bake! So, to celebrate my birthday week, I’d like to share two of my favorite recipes as a thank you in advance for considering a contribution to my re-election campaign for Northern District Commissioner.
A successful baking product is virtually guaranteed, even for the culinarily challenged. Don’t count the calories and ignore the carbs, at least for the time it takes to enjoy. Then, get outside and walk, or run, or bike, or just sit and count your blessings!!
Birthdays are meant to be shared, just like campaigns!
You can donate to my re-election here.
Texas Sheet Cake
2 cups flour
2 cups granulated sugar
1/3 teaspoon salt
1 cup plus 2 tablespoons water
¾ cup (1½ sticks) butter
2 squares unsweetened baking chocolate
½ cup buttermilk
1 teaspoon baking soda
1 teaspoon vanilla (or almond) extract
Pre-heat oven to 400 degrees (Fahrenheit). In a large bowl, combine flour, sugar and salt. In a microwaveable container––I use a 4-cup glass measuring cup––microwave the water, butter and chocolate for two minutes. (I do it in one-minute increments until the chocolate is melted).
Stir after each minute and stir to blend at the end. Add buttermilk, eggs, baking soda, and vanilla or almond extract to chocolate mixture and stir to blend. The mixture will seem thinner than most cake batter—don’t worry!!
Pour into a greased (or Pammed!) 15x10x1-inch baking pan and bake 18-20 minutes or until a wooden toothpick inserted in the center of the cake comes out clean. About half-way through the baking, start on the frosting….
6 tablespoons butter
2 squares unsweetened baking chocolate
6 tablespoons milk
1 pound powdered sugar
1 teaspoon vanilla (or almond) extract
Microwave the butter, baking chocolate and milk in a microwaveable container for two minutes. (Again, do this in one-minute increments and stir after each minute or until the chocolate is melted.) Add remaining ingredients and stir––I do it by hand––until well-mixed.
Remove cake from oven and, while still warm, pour frosting over the cake, spreading to cover. Let cake cool completely before cutting. You can microwave individual pieces 30 seconds or so to maximize the amazing taste. Serve solo or with ice cream, whipped cream, or with any other addition you desire.
Alternatives: If your audience enjoys nuts, you can add nuts—your choice of variety—to the cake and/or the frosting.
If adding to the cake, distribute on top of the cake once it’s poured into the pan. Toasting the nuts before adding to cake or frosting enhances the nutty flavor.
P.S. We aren’t even talking about calories.
2 cups flour (all purpose)
1/3 cup sugar
1 teaspoon baking powder
¼ teaspoon baking soda
½ teaspoon salt
8 tablespoons (1 stick) unsalted butter—frozen
½ cup sour cream
1 large egg
Sparkling sugar for tops
*Optional: For a sweet scone, add ½ cup raisins or other dried fruit
(blueberries or cherries are awesome). For a savory scone, add ½ cup
grated hard cheese.
Adjust oven rack to a lower-middle position and pre-heat oven to 400 degrees. In a medium bowl, combine flour, sugar, baking powder, baking soda, and salt. Using a box or straight grater, and the side with the larger holes, grate the butter into the flour mixture. (This will produce “pea sized” pieces of butter that will spread throughout your dough).
If desired, add dried fruit or grated cheese and blend into the flour mixture. In a small bowl, whisk sour cream and egg together, until smooth. Then add the sour cream mixture to the flour mixture, stirring (or better yet, using your hands to mix) until just blended. Do NOT overmix as this will make your scones tougher.
Divide the dough in half and, on a lightly floured area, form each half into a disk eight to ten inches across. Cut each disk into eight pieces (divide the disk in half and then divide each half in half and then each quarter in half).
Place on a lightly greased or parchment paper-lined cookie sheet about an inch apart. Sprinkle with sparkling sugar, if making sweet scones. Bake until golden brown, about 15-17 minutes. Can be served hot or cool.
We could talk calories, but why?
As an attorney and former Assistant Public Defender, one way in which I believe I can enhance the role of Boone County Commissioner is to bring my experience to bear on our local criminal justice system and to link local government efforts with private and public non-profit entities to yield a far greater impact than any one entity can achieve on its own.
It’s frustrating for citizens—and governmental officials alike—to see what appears to be revolving prison and jail doors, as the same individuals show up again and again within the criminal justice system. Each year, more than 450 prior offenders released from Missouri prisons return to Boone County and, of those, nearly half cycle back into prison within two years. The toll this takes on our community, on taxpayers, on the safety of our citizens—not to mention the impact on the lives of so many family members of repeat offenders—is huge.
But, as Dan Hanneken, Executive Director of Columbia’s In2Action program, likes to say, the old way of thinking about how to keep those released from incarceration from further contact with the criminal justice system just doesn’t work. The solutions we so often hear—“if they don’t have a job, nothing else matters,” “if they don’t have a place to live, nothing else matters,” “if they can’t get off of drugs, nothing else matters”––come
from the unique perspectives of the employment experts, the housing experts, the addiction experts. The crux of the matter is that those needs require rapid and often simultaneous attention.
Last week, I spent some time with Dan Hanneken, whose In2Action program provides a hands-on re-entry approach for men returning from prison to Boone County, providing housing and supportive services. In2Action recently purchased another house to be used for these men as they develop the skills necessary for effective, and hopefully, lasting, re-entry into the community. As Dan can attest, housing is a critical component of any re-entry program. By investing in this additional house, In2Action has invested in the lives of more individuals who are returning to our community.
Earlier this summer, a woman called me. I could hear the panic in her voice. Her daughter, who had been scheduled to be released from the Boone County Jail later that day, had been released early. This meant that a young woman with mental health and related substance use challenges had returned to the streets of Boone County, without the resources she needed to cope with those challenges. It also meant that it was significantly more likely that she would wind up back in jail. Fortunately, the woman was able to find her daughter, and, with the assistance of local resources, her daughter is far more likely to resolve her legal issues without further justice involvement.
A couple of weeks ago, a visitor to the Boone County Government Center approached several offices with limited access (in the midst of the pandemic) and tried to enter, but couldn’t articulate what he needed from those offices. The next day, he returned, indicating that he knew radio and TV transmissions were coming into his head and asked for help in getting the transmissions turned off. Again, I received a call. The Department Director asked for help.
Fortunately, I am aware of the mental health resources available in the community, so I reached out to Sgt. Tracey Cleeton, who directs the Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training for the Sheriff’s Department and is part of the CIT leadership in Missouri. Sgt. Cleeton, in turn, connected the individual with those acutely needed services.
One of the resources that Sgt. Cleeton could access was a Community Mental Health Liaison (CMHL), designated by the Missouri Department of Mental Health and working through a local mental health care provider to help individuals with behavioral health challenges. From its inception, this critical resource position was assigned to a ten-county-wide area in Mid-Missouri. As the needs became ever more obvious, it became clear that I had to become an advocate—or perhaps a one-woman band—for a CMHL devoted to Boone County. I am pleased that diligence paid off.
In 2019, Burrell Behavioral Health, which manages the program at the local level, set aside funding for 2020 and beyond for a CMHL dedicated to serve Boone and Randolph Counties. So, now, in Boone County, when someone like Sgt. Cleeton calls for the assistance of a CMHL, he doesn’t have to wait his turn behind nine other counties. That resource is and remains focused on the people of Boone County.
These are but three of the pieces of quilt that provide solutions for those struggling to find their way out of the revolving door of the criminal justice system. The quilt is comprised of not-for-profit organizations, health care systems, government, and, yes, people. Does it have gaps? Indeed, it does. The work is far from complete. But now it is stronger, more widely accepted, and more pervasive because we are working together, collaborating, sharing resources and investing in best practices.
There is much to be thankful for in Boone County. For me, this type of collaboration is among our greatest assets and speaks to the important role of county government in making it happen.
As the November election draws near, I wanted to share a new campaign resource I’ve put together to help you navigate the many important issues currently impacting Boone County.
I have launched a new website, www.ThompsonForBoone.com, where I have compiled the typical information you expect to see on a candidate’s site, plus an Issues section and an archive of my online newsletter that will give you a more in-depth understanding of who I am, along with detailed explanations of my stance on the important issues facing Boone County.
It's more than simply an “About Me” kind of web presence. It’s an easy way for you to see the kinds of decisions that I face as Northern District Commissioner and how I weigh the human, legal, and economic impact of those decisions made on behalf of the county’s citizens. Rather than tell you that I’ll work hard and transparently, it’s my way of SHOWING you!
So please check out my website, then come back often to see frequent updates and new information both about the campaign, but more importantly, to help you stay informed about Boone County issues.
PS: And I’d appreciate your vote on November 3!
A few years ago, as I was finishing up with barn chores, a neighbor hollered at me, saying how much he liked my newest little dog. Puzzled, I asked him, “What new little dog?” He turned and pointed to the scruffy tan dog behind him.
As I approached, the little dog wagged her tail and tried to walk toward me. Tried, but failed. It turned out she had a badly broken hip, probably, the vet said, from being thrown from a vehicle. She was the latest dog to be “dumped,” this time literally, at my property on a rural gravel road here in Boone County. She went to the vet in Hallsville that very morning and, after surgery, spent the next month or so cooped up in a kennel while her bones knitted together. Scout Finch, as she came to be called, was a Border Terrier, who joined the family about a month before Linus James, a miniature Schnauzer, died during an interminable night.
After another interminable night, Scout died last week. And, oddly enough, about a month earlier, another dog arrived in a similar fashion. Late one night, the barking chorus led me outside, flashlight in hand, to see if a varmint was trying to destroy yet another bird feeder. It wasn’t a varmint. It was a dog—or at least it might have been a dog. It looked more like a pelt over a skeleton, so skinny was this little thing. I put out some kibble, hoping that in the morning, I could persuade the poor scrap to come in and get more food.
In the morning, the dog was gone but a couple of days later, I saw movement around my machine shed. I began to leave kibble, drenched in milk, twice each day. It disappeared like clockwork. The dog, which began to look more and more like a dog, refused to approach but would slink up to the overhang of the shed after I moved away, to wolf down the food. After three weeks, the dog, who seemed to fit the name “Paco,” and was now plump and fit, wagged his tail one day. Three days later, after tail-wagging each day, he approached and licked my hand. That day, he decided he could live at the house and has been there ever since. Paco, who was approved by Scout––but still has to gain the approval of Xochi, a probable Golden Doodle, dumped on the road several years after Scout’s arrival––appears to be part bassett hound and part pit bull.
I’m sure Paco will have his own story one day, but it will be stiff competition to live up to one episode in Scout’s life…
In our house, Thanksgiving has always been an opportunity to invite others to celebrate over good food and good conversation. One Thanksgiving several years ago, although the guest list was small, it was going to be filled with laughter and conversation. Those invited included two professors at MU, a friend and colleague from the Public Defender System, my Mom, me, and of course the dogs—at that time Scout, Montie (a part German shepherd and part something else) and Xochi.
My Mom was a brilliant woman but, to be blunt, she couldn’t cook. She was unclear exactly why that room called the kitchen existed. But as I was trying to get everything ready for our guests’ arrival, she helpfully asked several times, “What can I do?” But when I responded “nothing,” she didn’t give up. Finally, she announced that she would put the cranberry sauce on the table. Still, a bit later came another, “What can I do?” This time she announced she would put the butter on the table. And the rest of the story, as they say, is chronicled in family history.
You see, for a little dog, Scout was incredibly athletic. She could get on any table and could remove any item she wanted with surgical precision. You guessed it. Soon after Mom had put the butter on the table, I saw Scout, with a stick of butter between her clenched jaws, high-tailing it out of the dining room, through the kitchen, into the family room and out the doggie door—with the boys—Montie and Xochi—in hot pursuit.
I chased the group, screaming “No, No, Bad Dogs!! DROP IT!!! DROP IT!!” with absolutely no effect. I finally cornered Scout in the yard, and pried her jaws open to pull the rest of the stick of butter out of her mouth. (No, I didn’t use the butter in the meal, since it didn’t meet the 15-second test.)
As the guests arrived, the naughty dogs were still in the proverbial doghouse and, despite pleas that they be allowed in the house, they spent Thanksgiving dinner in the yard––the dogs, not the guests.
After dinner was over and the food placed out of harm’s way, the herd was allowed to return. To my horror, when I looked down at Scout, I saw what looked to be partially dried blood on her side. I thought, “Great! One of the boys smelled the butter and bit her. Now I’m going to have to call the vet and ask who is willing to come in to tend a puncture wound on Thanksgiving Day.” Before I made that phone call, I figured I should at least clean up the wound to see how bad it was. So, I wet a paper towel and picked her up to assess the damage. As I dabbed at the “blood,” I realized, and, unfortunately, said aloud, “This isn’t blood. This is CRANBERRY SAUCE!!”
And, yes, I realized, as did our guests, that in the process of stealing the butter, Scout had checked out the cranberry sauce too. She had done what any self-respecting dog does when it meets up with something smelly, but inedible––she rolled in it. You could see everyone in the room—except for one guest who didn’t like cranberry sauce—turn a little green and utter a collective “bleah.”
So, the newest addition to the family––Paco––in creating his own legacy, will have to live up to “The Great Butter Caper.” Because he is so short-legged, and even now does a “Tigger Bounce” to see over tall grass, I suspect he won’t be hopping on tables like Scout did. But, undoubtedly, he will find his own way into family lore.
While I wish that people who don’t have a use for an animal wouldn’t use a county road as a dumping ground and suggest that instead, they take these animals to the Central Missouri Humane Society, my life has been the richer for the additions of those who have been dumped: Scout Finch, Montie, Xochi, Holly, Max, Houdini, just to name a few.
Spay. Neuter. Protect.
Especially during election seasons, people (primarily candidates!!) are more than willing to take the lion’s share of the credit for projects and ideas. This seems true even when their involvement is as light as the touch of a butterfly’s wing. Yesterday, however, was a great example of success brought about by the participation and commitment of many people, whose collaborative spirit truly make a difference.
In 2014, Boone County joined the Stepping Up Initiative, a project championed by the National Association of Counties (NACo) and the American Psychiatric Association. Its purpose was to address the over-representation in the criminal justice system of individuals with mental health challenges. As a long-time, former Public Defender, I had seen the issue “up close and personal” through the lives and experiences of clients over the years. And, even prior to chairing the County-wide Judicial and Law Enforcement Task Force, so had Rusty Antel. In his decades-long history of representing individuals involved in the criminal justice system, he had seen and tried to address the issues related to those individuals with mental health challenges who represent a disproportionate involvement in the system.
When the county joined the Stepping Up Initiative, Rusty and I began the process of bringing together all of the stakeholders to gain a better understanding of the issues involved—from their multiple perspectives—as well as what resources we could bring to bear to develop solutions.
Among the issues that we quickly recognized was the disproportionate amount of time individuals with mental health challenges spend in our county jail as compared to those charged with the same offenses but without a similar mental health history.
The data was clear, but the question became:
How could we reduce the days in jail (a huge and ongoing cost for the county) AND keep the community safe AND obtain a better outcome for the individuals involved?
Little did we know that Rusty’s question posed during one of our brainstorming sessions would spur progress toward finding a piece of the solution:
“I wonder if we could bring everyone together to talk about these cases and see if they could be moved more quickly and efficiently.”
Since we were in the midst of a NACo-organized project, it was only logical that I contact NACo to see if any other county had already invented that particular model.
The NACo staff in charge of Stepping Up suggested that I contact two counties that had been heavily involved in justice-related activities. The first county contact said, “No, we don’t have a program like that but, if you create it, please let us know. We’d love to try it out.”
With the second county contacted––in Johnson County, Iowa––we found the wheel has been invented. Not only did they HAVE such a program, they were willing to share information and provide contacts within their county who could help us in setting up a program.
So, Rusty and I met with two local Boone County judges to gauge their interest and willingness to take on one more project––Chris Carpenter, who was the Presiding Circuit Judge at that time, and Leslie Schneider, a well-respected Judge in the Circuit without a criminal docket and who therefore would not have to recuse herself on any cases. We discussed Rusty’s idea and the Johnson County model with the two judges and they agreed to bring it to the entire court (the court en banc) for a decision about whether to proceed.
Judges Carpenter and Schneider also reached out to the judge assigned to the project in Iowa to better understand how the model worked. The judges quickly rallied behind the idea, since, in Johnson County, the three goals we had articulated had been met––fewer days in jail, community safety maintained, and better outcomes obtained for the individuals. With their blessing, we had the green light to bring the rest of the stakeholders on board.
Members of the Prosecuting Attorney’s Office were enthusiastic about the project from the beginning. They signed up to be the conduits for that office for information and negotiation. Similarly, members of the Boone County Public Defender’s Office, including the District Defender, quickly came on board, as did members of the local defense bar. Sheriff Carey immediately authorized members of his corrections staff, including the Jail Administrator, to participate in the program, and the then relatively new Treatment Court Commissioner, Casey Clevenger, and her administrator became part of the team as well. Also, an integral part of the team was the mental health professional at the jail itself. These stakeholder representatives were joined by the court administrator, who monitored and coordinated the group’s activities.
Each member of the group was given the opportunity to speak with their counterpart in Johnson County IA, to understand how the program had been implemented in their jurisdiction, and to learn from their experience. Because mental health information would be shared among participants, everyone involved signed a Business Associate Agreement, to address confidentiality concerns.
Some three years after first joining the Stepping Up Initiative, the group still meets twice each month. In times of COVID-19, meetings are held by conference call or Zoom to discuss individuals referred to the group by judges, lawyers (both defense counsel and prosecutors), family members, jail personnel, mental health personnel, or by the individuals themselves. Just as in the Iowa experiment, the process has become ever better as the stakeholders have become more confident in themselves and in their colleagues.
As members have seen the commitment to the three goals solidify for all involved, their confidence in the process has grown as well. They know that nobody at the table is working an angle and no one is using the process for personal or agency gain. As the goals are realized, so too is the process validated. The successes seen for individuals have become successes shared by the group.
Yesterday was just one more case in point. One member of the group sent an email concerning an individual who simply couldn’t function within the jail setting because of mental health issues. With our three goals ever in mind and with community safety ensured, everyone involved worked to find a better, more appropriate placement for that individual.
This is not just government functioning at its finest. This is community working at its best. And it began with one simple question: “How can we do this better?”
Renewable energy is important. As populations increase across the globe, dependence on energy sources that are finite becomes a more precarious model upon which to depend. When that model also creates substantial pollutants, it just makes sense to look for other, sustainable energy sources that don’t degrade the environment. But, for Boone County, I am not convinced that one renewable energy source—wind energy—is necessarily the right fit.
Two years ago, the then-Director of Resource Management made the County Commission aware that a resident and farm owner near Harrisburg was interested in exploring the viability of wind energy in Boone County by placing a pole on his property to test wind speeds. I had heard for many years that, because of the barrier created by the Missouri River and the bluffs, Boone County would not have sufficient wind to make such a project economically feasible.
I was therefore surprised that a company would choose Boone County as the optimum site for this project. I was also surprised by the choice, given the denser population in Boone County than in surrounding counties, as well as the higher land values here. As I told representatives of the company, I would have thought they would first consider setting up business in more sparsely populated adjacent counties, rather than in Boone.
Those three factors seemed to make Boone County less than an ideal choice for the project. The company representatives claimed that new technology somewhat mitigated the effects of the river and the bluffs and they proceeded to enter into an agreement to explore wind capacity with that initial landowner.
At about the same time, because of my position as a Board member for both the Missouri Association of Counties (MAC) and the County Commissioners Association (CCAM), I also heard from Commissioners in the northwestern part of Missouri about the wildly varying degrees of success wind energy projects had had there. In one county the project showed signs of success, infusing the local economy with jobs and creating revenue streams for entities like county school districts.
For the other county, the project met with push-back, with residents speaking of the adverse health impacts on people and animals, of lowered land values, and of hidden costs for the project itself. As concerns about the potential for a wind energy project in Boone County mounted, a meeting in Harrisburg was organized, to which the Resource Management Director and I were invited.
Residents from northwest Missouri also attended. After that meeting, both the Director and I received and sought out information about wind energy from a variety of sources, including residents in the Harrisburg area. We then asked three community members to help us collate the relevant information available about wind farms and wind energy. The County Commission then charged the Planning & Zoning Commission with the task of considering what regulations pertaining to wind energy might look like if enacted here in Boone County.
The wealth of information collected was shared with the Planning & Zoning Commission which has considered that information as it has worked to craft proposed new regulations. It is anticipated that the draft regulations will be subjected to community review before being considered for approval by the County Commission. If approved, any request for placement of a wind turbine would need to show not only the benefit of renewable energy but would have to address the impact on the community, particularly neighbors; the impact on the environment, including wildlife; the impact on the road system; and the impact of connecting the turbines to the energy grid. Consideration of these factors would be necessary when or if an application for a wind energy system were presented for approval here in Boone County.
Some people have suggested that Boone County should ban wind turbines outright. It’s my belief that such an action would only cause Boone County to become embroiled in expensive litigation filed by those who seek to deny our citizens local control.
The better approach is to utilize the tools at hand through a responsible and responsive group of citizens—the Planning & Zoning Commission—which is charged with developing and then implementing a system to guide the consideration of such a project. I believe in my fellow citizens and I believe in allowing the representatives of our citizenry to reach a logical conclusion based upon the facts at hand.
Since 2014, when Boone County joined the Stepping Up Initiative, a program sponsored by the National Association of Counties (NACo) and the American Psychiatric Association, our community has worked to address a local problem that exists across the country—the over-prevalence of individuals with behavioral health challenges in our county jail.
The work is important for many reasons:
First, detaining individuals does not treat the core behavioral health issues that landed them under law enforcement’s scrutiny and merely exacerbates those issues.
Second, in times of limited resources for law enforcement, requiring officers to act as mental health professionals diverts them from the jobs for which they have trained and were hired—we are not safer as a community by keeping these individuals in the criminal justice system.
Third, once these individuals are in the justice system, they utilize more resources than those without behavioral health challenges as they re-offend at higher rates and remain detained for longer periods of time.
As we have discovered through our Stepping Up Initiative, diversion coupled with supportive services, is a better model—keeping us safer, utilizing resources more effectively and wisely, and producing better outcomes for the affected individuals.
Our work with NACo has allowed us to influence another piece of the puzzle that has cost Boone County and other local jurisdictions dearly—the Federal Medicaid Inmate Exclusion Policy. In late 2018, I was appointed to a committee jointly comprised of members of NACo and the National Sheriff’s Association (NSA). The purpose of the committee’s work was to determine the impact of this policy on local jurisdictions and then seek a remedy for the impact.
You likely have never heard of this policy. Turns out you aren’t alone—many members of Congress, the very entity that created the policy, don’t know it exists nor do they understand its impact. The policy, as its title suggests, cuts off any individual who is detained for more than 30 days in a county jail from receiving federal benefits (including but not limited to Medicaid).
Although in 2019, Missouri’s state legislature (through the leadership of local Representative Kip Kendrick) changed the cut-off to a suspension of benefits, the impact of the policy is nonetheless enormous. If an individual’s benefits are suspended, it typically takes at least 90 days before they can be re-instated. In that time period, an individual and his or her family can lose housing, lose access to medical care, including prescription medications, and lose access to SNAP benefits. Thus, the incarcerated individual, who was merely detained and NOT convicted, has lost access to the federal benefits to which he or she is entitled.
NACo and NSA joined together to overturn this policy for two main reasons:
I am fortunate to have been surrounded by people—family members and friends—who encouraged me to learn and to enjoy learning from a very early age. I am also fortunate to have spent so much of my life here in Boone County, where education is not only a rite of passage but also an economic force for our community. Perhaps it is that pervasive presence of an education overlay, almost something in the water, that led me to return, again and again, to realize that “the capacity to learn is a gift, the ability to learn is a skill, and the willingness to learn is a choice.”
After undergraduate and graduate degrees in Spanish, a law degree, and then later a Masters in Alternative Dispute Resolution, I have been involved for the last several months with the High Performance Leadership Academy, a 12-week program sponsored by the National Association of Counties (NACo). My curiosity was piqued at the outset because the curriculum was developed especially for those involved in county government by Retired General Colin Powell, who showed such leadership capacity in the military and in government.
The Academy is designed to empower “frontline county government professionals with fundamental, practical leadership skills to deliver results for counties and residents.” I thought, “hmmm, I can spend a bit of money and commit time to this project, I can learn, I can help others learn, and, if it means that the county benefits, why not?” So, I wrote the check, decided I would be a bit busier than normal, and I took the plunge.
For three months, an eclectic group of county officials, managers in county government from across the country, and I took a deep dive into what it means to be a leader, how we could each become better leaders, and how we could empower those with whom we work to rise to a position of leadership. Each week of the program, we were exposed to the experience and expertise of a wide array of leaders, in government and industry, including General Powell, who, through oral and written commentary, helped us to craft our own personal statement of leadership and to understand how our leadership efforts can enhance or detract from the success of people, projects, and policies within our particular agency.
We also met virtually, in smaller groups, one day each week, to discuss the information and how it related to current issues, each of us helping the others in our group to apply the learning and increase our individual capacity to work with colleagues and constituents to improve the quality of life in our communities. During one week, we even had the opportunity to participate in a mock negotiation, practicing some of the skills that the experts had modeled during the coursework. And, yes, that exercise was among the most fun for me as I utilized skills developed as a lawyer during several decades of practice and honed even further through work in mediation and arbitration.
Some of the lessons learned and reinforced during this course:
As part of the course, we each were encouraged to develop our own leadership oath—the core principles by which we function within our organization. For me, these principles became refined as follows:
This learning opportunity came at an interesting time. COVID-19 had increased the county workload in many respects, so setting aside the time for the classwork was a bit more challenging. Nonetheless, each lesson provided a way to enhance existing and develop new leadership skills. Together, my county colleagues and I learned to pivot, even to pirouette, as the pandemic placed new obstacles in our paths.
We learned to value the skills that each person brought to the table. We learned to take personal responsibility and to seek a collaborative approach to ensure projects were successful. We remembered to be grateful for the extra efforts by those around us in developing solutions to new and ever-changing circumstances. And, we remembered to be kind.
This process has also solidified for me an understanding of how county government operates and how planning for the future—sometimes known as strategic planning—can happen and be successful, especially in the context of Boone County.
County and City: Different Governmental Structures
Although often compared to the City of Columbia, Boone County’s governmental structure is unlike the City’s in many ways. The City, with the Mayor, City Council, and City Manager, has a relatively simple structure within which decision-making authority travels. By contrast, the county has 13 independently elected officials (not counting the judges), all of whom have independent authority.
The County Commission, while having authority over physical assets of the county, like its buildings, and having ultimate authority to set the annual budget, does not control how the other officials choose to run their offices. Through time, and by recognizing the efficiencies and good stewardship of working together, all of our officials have agreed to work out issues dealing with information technology and personnel, through joint committees in which those issues are addressed. But there are other issues, on a higher level, that require the development of a broader understanding of long-term goals and vision for the county. The job is not yet done!
Because of the unique structure of county government, with co-equal elected officials, as well as department managers who bring various viewpoints to the table, the development of a long-term plan cannot rest with nor even be promoted solely by the County Commission. It must be the result of a group effort, in which the input of all stakeholders is both sought and valued. Leadership, in this context, is NOT deciding the direction of the discussion.
It is in encouraging the stakeholders to find benefit in engaging in the process. It is in convening a setting in which the conversation can occur. It is in valuing the input of all stakeholders, from department directors to elected officials. It is in understanding when and why change must occur, and in knowing that stakeholders must be committed to that change for it to be successful.
Most importantly I have learned that leadership is not an individual effort. It is a group activity, as we learn collectively, and foster leadership cooperatively by involving everyone on our team in a dedicated effort to move our county into the future––together.
We all stand on the shoulders of those who come before us. As a County Commissioner, I see this legacy day in and day out, from buildings planned, to policies implemented, to the county’s organizational structure. I see the faces of some of those Commissioners in that legacy—including Frank Graham, Dave Horner, Keith Schnarre, Ed Robb, Billie Tritschler, and Don Stamper. But one on whose shoulders I stand all the time is Karen Miller.
Karen championed Boone County’s membership in the National Association of Counties (NACo). She was so passionate about NACo that she committed her time and talent for five years, first as an officer and later as President of NACo. As part of her platform, she promoted the importance of smaller counties with a rural population base, like Boone County.
Karen introduced me to NACo early on and I was hooked. The opportunities for learning and for technical and monetary support from NACo and its partners came rapidly. I discovered, as had Karen, that the more effort Boone County invested in NACo, the more NACo gave back. And, over the last eight years, NACo has given back time and time again. This is a case in point…
Assessing Our Economic Recovery Needs
A few weeks ago, NACo contacted me and asked if I would participate in a special project that was being supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The project is designed to assess economic recovery needs at the county level in the face of COVID-19. To assess the county perspective, NACo invited representatives from eight counties across the country—Boone County, Missouri; Alameda County, California; El Paso County, Colorado; El Paso County, Texas; Howard County, Maryland; Johnson County, Iowa; Orange County, North Carolina, and Wise County, Virginia—to participate in a virtual focus group to share recovery concerns and plans for the near- and long-terms.
To prepare for the national focus group meeting, I reached out to members of the community to obtain different perspectives on our county’s economic health and recovery plans and needs for their particular sector of the local economy. Included in my own personal focus group were Matt Jenne, local businessman and current chair of the Columbia Chamber of Commerce; Stacey Button, President of REDI (Regional Economic Development); Paul Land, Plaza Commercial Realty; Ted Webber, RE-MAX, a residential realtor; Brian Whorley, a start-up entrepreneur, founder and CEO of Paytient, and the director of business development and planning for Boone Hospital Center; and members of the Emergency Support Functions teams, working under the direction of the Office of Emergency Management here in Boone County. While these individuals provided insight into some of the nuances in our county’s situation, the national discussion that NACo facilitated demonstrated that what we are seeing here in Boone County is happening to a significant degree across the country.
Broadband Access and Sales Tax Revenue
Two issues about which representatives of every jurisdiction in the NACo focus group spoke were the needs for adequate broadband coverage nationwide and for the ability of local government to capture sales tax revenues from online/remote purchases. Both of these issues existed pre-COVID-19 but their importance has been highlighted by the pandemic.
We knew prior to COVID-19 that access to adequate internet coverage impacts educational and business success. Now, we have seen that individuals and families lacking adequate broadband coverage are disproportionately impacted by the pandemic when education goes online; jobs are done remotely; health care and mental health care are rendered through telemedicine; and job applications and COVID-19 funding opportunities are available online. Focus group members encouraged NACo and the Gates Foundation to push ever harder for Congress to develop a solution to this issue—which is so similar to the electrification efforts in this country in the early 20th Century—and to ensure that the solution is monitored and providers are held accountable.
We also knew prior to COVID-19 that counties’ ability to pay for core services was becoming ever more difficult because of diminished revenue streams. This was particularly true in jurisdictions in which taxes on remote/online sales could not be collected. For the last two years, over 50% of sales have occurred online and, in jurisdictions like ours, which rely heavily on sales tax revenues to meet our budgetary obligations, that means we are relying on an ever-decreasing revenue stream to meet the same obligations—to maintain roads, run the court system and the jail, fund the maintenance of land records and personal records, run elections, and so much more.
Since COVID-19, not only has overall spending declined, but many more people are doing their shopping online, again, leading to a reduction in sales tax revenues to maintain those core functions of county government. Further, even as we move toward recovery, many of those who have shopped online for the last several months are likely to continue their online shopping habits.
The Impact of Higher Education on Our Community
An issue that resonated for Boone County and several other jurisdictions in the focus group was the impact on community-wide recovery by the future of the University and the other institutions of higher learning. Matt Jenne noted that the economics of Boone County is driven by college students. Student housing, restaurants and bars, especially in the downtown area, retail establishments, hotels for events including sports, the arts and entertainment, are all impacted by what happens at MU, Stephens, Columbia College and Moberly Area Community College. Our vulnerability, our Achilles’ heel, is the University—if its economic future looks dim, so does that of the community at large.
But Matt and Brian Whorley both noted that what might be perceived as the Achilles’ Heel can be the beacon of light to elevate and enhance the recovery of the entire community. As Matt noted, our community might be deemed vulnerable if the learning experience goes entirely online or virtual because that means that fewer people are utilizing the housing, food, retail, and entertainment opportunities of our community.
But, even with an educational experience that is mostly virtual, at a land grant university like ours, we have more opportunities for learning concentrated in our community than almost any place in the country. Where else is there a research reactor, a Journalism School, a Law School, a Vet School, a Medical School, and research centers from business to swine research? For Matt, the vulnerability is that we aren’t fully promoting our assets, including the research and development by faculty, students, and private companies that have allied themselves with the University that continue to flourish in our community. Brian echoed Matt’s comments, focusing on the community assets that still exist in Boone County, even in the midst of COVID-19.
Acknowledging Our Assets
Brian noted that this community is one that serves technology and innovation through its strong research “bench” both in the University and the private sector, and in the support of organizations like the various Chambers of Commerce and REDI. That support, combined with a lower cost of living and a wide range of amenities, makes the area ripe for growth. Brian pointed out that in the world of COVID-19, where Zoom or WebEx makes communication fluid as long as you have adequate internet access, being located in NYC or California are less advantageous.
Thus, people in the start-up sector are considering a move to places like Boone County. As Matt had said, it’s a question of marketing our community to attract those businesses and individuals. And, as all of the representatives on the focus group had stated, it’s contingent upon our having reliable and adequate broadband access.
The Importance of Communication
Stacey Button confirmed the need for better messaging—inside and outside the community—to position us for a stronger recovery in a COVID-19 world. She noted that, while there has been communication to minority and women-owned businesses about resources, including federal and state grant funding and opportunities for innovation and creative solutions to identified needs, that communication could be improved. At the same time, REDI has become a center for connecting businesses with resources and connecting workers with jobs.
When needs are articulated, whether it’s personal protective equipment (PPE) or the staples of everyday life, like milk, businesses are pivoting, finding ways to re-tool their production lines to meet identified needs. Stacey also agreed that the quality of life in this community is something that continues to be an asset that will draw people from across the country and encourage them to move to Boone County.
The Impact on Housing and Retail Sectors
Ted Webber, a local realtor who specializes in the residential market and co-hosts the Real Estate show on KFRU every Saturday, spoke about the current market, and offered some insights about what those market trends might reveal. Ted noted that the inventory of houses available for sale has dropped by about 40% from the level seen in 2019. While he would usually see 800-900 houses on the market, today that number is around 500. His conversations with potential sellers have revealed that, since COVID-19 hit, more people have decided not to put their houses on the market, by and large because they didn’t want to have people in their houses.
If they have made any changes, it has likely been to remodel. Craftspeople and remodelers are therefore experiencing huge amounts of work. Ted stated that houses marketed at $300,000 or less are moving very quickly and that it’s a seller’s market. Higher priced houses, although moving a bit more slowly, are nonetheless moving. When asked who the buyers of all of these houses are, Ted revealed that most of the buyers are new to the community, coming here for new jobs. He indicated that, to his knowledge, very few of those individuals had been impacted by layoffs in local businesses and institutions.
Paul Land, who specializes in commercial realty, stated that, as COVID-19 took root in our local community, he and some others began a communication process in earnest, encouraging the commercial real estate community to make decisions in 30-day increments, and, especially for those with resources, to “step up and do good.” As Land stated, when someone has been good to you, has always been on time with their rent, and has worked well with you, the season of pandemic is a time to do the right thing.
That attitude has helped many of those in the business community to survive—through rent forgiveness, short-term rent relief, the Payroll Protection Program and more. These solutions have helped to stave off fear, both in business owners and in their workers. Land noted that there hasn’t been a one-size-fits-all solution since the businesses involved are so different, but, as long as businesses are willing to pivot, to make a change, to adapt to the orders put in place by the Health Department, they can manage the damage done by the virus and they can survive.
Land acknowledged that the hospitality and retail sectors have taken the biggest hits but believes every industry will have to develop its own protocols that work for that industry. A willingness to adapt is key to survival. He noted that some of the changes that have already and will continue to occur, like teleworking, can be unsettling since the picture this creates, with parking lots 20% full, is not what we are used to. But, Land reiterated, it’s all about learning to live with change.
Health and Other Service Needs
What our local social service experts and representatives in the focus groups spoke about with one voice is the coming wave of need that will hit local service providers as individuals and families begin to feel the full effect of the end of the moratorium on foreclosures, repayment of utilities, rent forgiveness, and their need for health and behavioral health services.
They also spoke to an issue that the U.S. Chamber of Commerce has identified as a critical need to ensure the economic health of a community. Even in times not affected by a global pandemic, across the board access to quality childcare is essential.
All agreed that the brunt of the wave of need for resources will hit local communities hardest, with local providers and local governments expected to manage the outsized request for services. In many states, Missouri included, state legislators and governors have acknowledged the fiscal impact of the pandemic in part by cutting budgets in two areas—higher education and social services. Thus, while the need will have grown exponentially, the resources will have been cut.
How Can NACo Help?
At the end of the national focus group meeting, we participants were asked how NACo and the Gates Foundation could help us navigate the economic impacts of COVID-19 on our communities. We reiterated our request that Broadband access be front and center for the federal government, with transparency and accountability in the implementation of any plan being of primary importance. We noted that rural electric cooperatives had done similar work in the early 20th century and thus, the model for success exists.
We asked for technical support from NACo and the Gates Foundation and for peer support from jurisdictions across the country, to learn from our colleagues who have already experienced some success in finding a path forward. And, we asked that our voices be heard––because we are the boots on the ground. We live in our communities, we are the ones who know our communities best, and we are the ones most dedicated to ensuring that the needs of our local communities are met. I’m confident that NACo is a hugely valuable partner in that process.